Melilla is Spanish territory in Morocco, but because it has long been a magnet for illegal immigration from Africa, the European Union's rules on the free movement of people don't apply here. Most migrants who arrive here live in crowded conditions with no heating or hot water or legal assistance – the latest example of the European Union’s struggle with the consequences of its years-long piecemeal approach to immigration. [25 photos total]

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1
Serge, a 28-year-old migrant from Cameroon, looks out for police as he returns to a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco after picking up blankets from a Spanish operated immigrants association near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
2
African migrants stop on their way back to a clandestine campsite on mount Gurugu in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's northern African enclave Melilla, December 1, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
3
A aerial view of Spain's north African enclave Melilla and northern Morocco is seen November 28, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
4
A golf course is seen in Spain's north African Melilla, amongst a backdrop of the Moroccan city Nador and the mount Gurugu, December 8, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
5
African migrants watch for police near a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco close to the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
6
Serge, a 28-year-old migrant from Cameroon, holds baby Kader, as they stand with other African migrants passing the time in the woods at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
7
A baby named Kader sits in a plastic chair at at a clandestine campsite of African migrants named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
8
A Bible lies on the ground in the woods at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
9
Marie, a migrant from Cameroon, stokes a fire in the woods at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
10
An African immigrant warms himself over a fire at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
11
Cisse Tiemouko, a migrant from Ivory Coast, warms himself over a fire at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
12
The moon is seen over the border fence between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 5, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
13
The border fence between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla is seen along a road in the 12.5-square-kilometre territory, December 4, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
14
A lorry driver reacts as a Spanish civil guard's sniffer dog jumps up at the Beni Ansar border crossing area between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 5, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
15
Moroccans queue at the Beni Ansar border crossing area between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 5, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
16
Qassam (L) and Ahlam, Syrian refugees from Latakia, gather on opposite sides of a fence of a refugee center in Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 5, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
17
Syrian refugees pass the time outside a refugee center in Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 8, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
18
Khedidja Azzouz, a 24-year-old pregnant and homeless Algerian woman stands near a fire amongst a littered landscape in Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 7, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
19
A dog is reflected near a Spanish flag in Spain's north African enclave Melilla with Morocco's mount Gurugu in the background, December 3, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
20
Anwar, a Moroccan youth, climbs on the last remaining statue of former Spanish dictator Francisco Franco in Spain, in Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 8, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
21
Brunel, a 14-year-old from Cameroon, plays football in Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 7, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
22
The border fence which separates Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla runs all the way into the sea at the farthest western point of the 12.5-square-kilometre territory's border, December 3, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
23
A Moroccan youth climbs along a wall overlooking Melilla harbour in Spain's north African enclave as a ship is about to leave towards mainland Spain, November 30, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
24
Mohamed, a Moroccan youth, smokes a cigarette while hanging out near Melilla's harbour in Spain's north African enclave December 8, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #
25
Syrian refugees who did not wish to be named, pose outside a refugee center in Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 5, 2013. (REUTERS/Juan Medina) #

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