Kurdish refugees: Then and now

In 1991, Kurds fled a military operation by Saddam Hussein's government in Iraq. Today some are fleeing Islamic State. [30 photos total]

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1
Iraqi Kurdish refugees wait with children in the Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 8, 1991. Photographer Srdjan Zivulovic documented refugees in Cukurca in 1991 who had escaped a military operation by Saddam Hussein's government in Iraq aimed at "Arabizing" Kurdish areas in the north. Images shot in recent months show familiar scenes as crowds of people flee Islamic State militants in Syria. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
2
A medic examines a Kurdish Syrian refugee child inside a temporary medical facility for children on the Turkish-Syrian border near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, September 24, 2014. (REUTERS/Murad Sezer) #
3
Iraqi Kurdish women carry their children in the Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 8, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
4
Kurdish Syrian refugees carry their belongings after crossing the Turkish-Syrian border near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, September 25, 2014. (REUTERS/Murad Sezer) #
5
Iraqi Kurdish refugees wait in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey April 7, 1991. Most Kurds are Sunni Muslims, but tend to feel more loyalty to their Kurdishness, rather than their religion. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
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A Kurdish refugee from the Syrian town of Kobani shows victory sign as a rainbow forms over the camp in the southeastern town of Suruc, Sanliurfa province, October 16, 2014. (REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach) #
7
Men throw bread from a truck to Iraqi Kurdish refugees in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 9, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
8
Syrian Kurdish refugees sit in a truck after crossing the Turkish-Syrian border near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, October 16, 2014. (REUTERS/Murad Sezer) #
9
Iraqi Kurdish refugees collect firewood in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 7, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
10
Kurdish Syrian refugees carry their belongings after crossing the Turkish-Syrian border, near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, September 26, 2014. (REUTERS/Murad Sezer) #
11
Iraqi Kurdish refugees sit in front of a tent in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 8, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
12
Kurdish refugees from the Syrian town of Kobani sit near a makeshift tent in a camp in the southeastern town of Suruc, Sanliurfa province, October 25, 2014. (REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach) #
13
Iraqi Kurdish refugees carry their belongings in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 7, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
14
A Kurdish Syrian refugee waits for transport during a sand storm on the Turkish-Syrian border near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, September 24, 2014. (REUTERS/Murad Sezer) #
15
A young Iraqi Kurdish refugee holds loaves of bread in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 8, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
16
Kurdish Syrian refugees stand in a truck at the Turkish-Syrian border near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, September 25, 2014. (REUTERS/Murad Sezer) #
17
An Iraqi Kurdish woman sits with her child in the medical treatment tent in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 8, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
18
Kurdish Syrian refugees are seen with children inside a temporary medical facility for children on the Turkish-Syrian border near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, September 24, 2014. (REUTERS/Murad Sezer) #
19
Iraqi Kurdish men carry an injured man in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 7, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
20
A Turkish soldier carries a Syrian Kurdish refugee baby from the Syrian border town Kobani, near the southeastern Turkish town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, October 2, 2014. (REUTERS/Murad Sezer) #
21
Iraqi Kurdish refugees wait for medical treatment in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 8, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
22
Elderly Syrian Kurdish refugees wait after crossing into Turkey from the Syrian border town Kobani, near the southeastern Turkish town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, October 2, 2014. (REUTERS/Murad Sezer) #
23
An Iraqi Kurdish refugee lies in a medical tent in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 8, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
24
A Kurdish refugee man reacts as smoke rises from the Syrian town of Kobani as seen from the Mursitpinar crossing on the Turkish-Syrian border, October 26, 2014. (REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach) #
25
Iraqi Kurdish men bury the dead in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 8, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
26
Turkish Kurds carry a coffin during the funeral of Kurdish fighters killed during clashes against Islamic State in the Syrian town of Kobani, at a cemetery in the southeastern town of Suruc, Sanliurfa province, October 24, 2014. (REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach) #
27
An Iraqi Kurdish refugee buries her child with her bare hands in Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 8, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
28
Women mourn near graves of Kurdish fighters who died in Kobani, near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, on the Turkish-Syrian border, October 15, 2014. (REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach) #
29
Iraqi Kurdish refugees carry their belongings in the Cukurca refugee camp in Turkey, April 8, 1991. (REUTERS/Srdjan Zivulovic) #
30
Turkish soldiers stand guard as Syrians wait behind the border fences near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, September 18, 2014. (REUTERS/Kadir Celikcan) #

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